Document Detail


Round window atresia in association with congenital stapes fixation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9707227     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To document an association of round window atresia with congenital stapes fixation, discuss the diagnostic role of computed tomography, and implicate the clinical significance of these anomalies. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review and review of the literature. RESULTS: The authors report three pediatric cases of round window atresia. All cases presented with hearing loss of a conductive nature (two cases bilateral, one unilateral). Two patients underwent middle ear exploration, demonstrating stapes fixation and the absence of a round window. Stapedectomy was performed in both cases without postoperative hearing improvement. Subsequent revision stapedectomy was also unsuccessful in one of these cases. The unoperated case represents the fraternal twin of one patient. In all cases, computed tomography scanning demonstrated findings consistent with atresia of the round window niche without cochlear anomaly. CONCLUSIONS: An association of round window atresia and congenital stapes fixation is apparent. The mechanism of the conductive hearing loss following stapedectomy remains poorly understood. Computed tomography imaging and surgical confirmation are probably both necessary to establish the diagnosis of round window atresia.
Authors:
D G Pappas; D G Pappas; G Hedlin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Laryngoscope     Volume:  108     ISSN:  0023-852X     ISO Abbreviation:  Laryngoscope     Publication Date:  1998 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-08-27     Completed Date:  1998-08-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8607378     Medline TA:  Laryngoscope     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1115-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Pappas Ear Clinic, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child
Hearing Loss, Conductive / etiology
Humans
Male
Retrospective Studies
Round Window, Ear / abnormalities*,  radiography
Stapes / abnormalities*,  radiography
Stapes Surgery
Tomography, X-Ray Computed

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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