Document Detail


Rotavirus immunoglobulin levels among Indian mothers of two socio-economic groups and occurrence of rotavirus infections among their infants up to six months.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17245723     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Rotavirus specific immunoglobulin levels were estimated and compared between mothers undergoing delivery from two socio-economic groups (n = 56 each) by direct/capture ELISA. IgG geometric mean titers (GMTs) of cord blood/mothers serum at delivery were significantly higher in the higher socio-economic group (HSG) as compared to the lower socio-economic group (LSG) (P < 0.01). Thirty-four mother-infant pairs (17 from each group) were followed-up up to 6 months for the occurrence of rotavirus infections. All follow-up LSG infants were low birth weight as against none from the HSG. Detection of virus by ELISA/RT-PCR and considering IgM/IgA seroconversion as an index of infection, 11 and 17 infants from HSG and LSG respectively had rotavirus infections. Two infants from LSG were hospitalized for severe rotavirus diarrhea but none from the HSG. Lower IgG levels in the LSG mother-infant pairs as compared to those of HSG, suggests a possible role of under nutrition in development of antibodies and immunity. Infants from the HSG who did not have rotavirus infections had significantly higher IgG GMTs in cord blood and serum samples at 6 months, than those HSG infants who had symptomatic/asymptomatic rotavirus infections (P < 0.05). In conclusion, fewer rotavirus infections occur when cord blood contains higher level of IgG antibodies, suggesting a role of protective immunity.
Authors:
Pratibha G Ray; Shobhana D Kelkar; Atul M Walimbe; Vaishali Biniwale; Savita Mehendale
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medical virology     Volume:  79     ISSN:  0146-6615     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Med. Virol.     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-29     Completed Date:  2007-07-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705876     Medline TA:  J Med Virol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  341-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National Institute of Virology, Pune, India.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Antibodies, Viral / blood*
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Female
Fetal Blood / immunology
Humans
Immunity, Maternally-Acquired
Immunoglobulin G / blood
Immunoglobulin M / blood
India
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Pregnancy
RNA, Viral / blood
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Rotavirus / immunology*
Rotavirus Infections / epidemiology*,  immunology*
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Socioeconomic Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Viral; 0/Immunoglobulin G; 0/Immunoglobulin M; 0/RNA, Viral

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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