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Rotational limb alignment changes following total knee arthroplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23188500     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess the changes in rotational alignment introduced by total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and the reproducibility of pre- and postoperative CT measurements of rotational limb alignment. METHODS: For this purpose we analyzed data from 196 consecutive cruciate-retaining, fixed bearing Columbus TKA procedures. Both pre- and postoperative scans torsion difference CT scans were available for measurements in 89 cases. Using these CT scans the neck-malleolar angle (NMA), the femoral posterior condylar angle (fPCA), the tibial posterior condylar axis (tPCA) and the tibial torsion angle (TTA) were independently assessed by three raters. CT scans were re-evaluated 8 weeks later by the most experienced rater for assessment of intraobserver agreement. RESULTS: Measurements of all angles were prone to high standard deviations reflecting interindividual variability. Mean fPCA changed from 1.3° to 2.7° internal rotation preoperatively to 0.1°-1.9° internal rotation postoperatively. Based on a relative external rotation of the tibial base plate as compared to the preoperative situation, we found a relative internal rotation of the postoperative NMA and tibial torsion of 3°-5.4° and 6°-7.5°, respectively. Intra- and interobserver agreement was strong for all angles assessed (ICCs 0.7-1.0) except for fPCA (ICC 0.2-0.6). However, mean absolute measurement differences for fPCA were clinically acceptable (1.2°-2.6°). CONCLUSIONS: Reproducibility of CT rotational limb alignment measurements was found to be clinically acceptable. Rotational alignment of the femoral and even more so of the tibial component will ultimately affect the rotational alignment of the entire limb-at least when fixed bearings are used. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Diagnostic study, Level III.
Authors:
Oliver Hauschild; Matthias Muenzberg; Dagmar Knothe; Lukas Konstantinidis; Peter Helwig; Norbert P Sudkamp; Friedrich W Thielemann
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-7347     ISO Abbreviation:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9314730     Medline TA:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department for Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Freiburg University Medical Center, Hugstetterstr. 55, 79106, Freiburg, Germany, oliver.hauschild@uniklinik-freiburg.de.
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