Document Detail

The Ross procedure in infants and young children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18291145     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: This study reviews our experience with the Ross procedure in infants and young children. METHODS: From September 1993 to September 2004, 52 children less than 15 years of age underwent a Ross procedure. The patients ranged in age from 4 days to 15 years old (median, 5 years). Fifteen patients (29%) were less than 2 years of age. The predominant indication for the Ross procedure was aortic stenosis. Sixteen patients underwent a Ross-Konno procedure for severe left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Thirty-four patients had 48 previous interventions. Preoperatively, 6 patients showed severe left ventricular dysfunction, and 2 of the patients required ventilation and inotropic support. Concomitant procedures were performed in 8 patients. Three patients had a mitral valve replacement, 2 patients had a ventricular septal defect closure and an aortic arch reconstruction, 2 patients had aortic arch reconstructions, and 1 patient had resection of a coarctation and a ventricular septal defect closure. RESULTS: Patients were followed up for a median of 43 months (range, 1 to 130). Overall survival was 85% +/- 5% at 1 and 82% +/- 5% at 2, 5, and 10 years. Hospital mortality was 5 of 52 patients (9.6%). All deaths occurred in neonates or infants less than 2 months of age, who needed urgent surgery. Three patients died late of noncardiac causes. At last follow-up, all patients were classified in New York Heart Association functional class I or II. No patient had endocarditis of the autograft or the right ventricular outflow tract replacement. During the follow-up, no event of thrombembolism was observed. No patient required the insertion of a permanent pacemaker. Overall freedom from reoperation is 57% +/- 15% at 10 years. One patient required the replacement of the autograft at 6 months postoperatively. The development of mild aortic insufficiency was observed in 24 patients, and moderate aortic insufficiency in 1 patient during follow-up. Freedom from reoperation for the right ventricular outflow tract replacement is 60% +/- 15% at 10 years. CONCLUSIONS: The Ross procedure represents an attractive approach to aortic valve disease in young children. However, a high early mortality rate has to be considered when performing this procedure in neonates or infants who present in critical preoperative condition.
Alexander Kadner; Olivier Raisky; Alexandra Degandt; Daniel Tamisier; Damien Bonnet; Daniel Sidi; Pascal R Vouhé
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  85     ISSN:  1552-6259     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-22     Completed Date:  2008-03-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  803-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital, Berne, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Aortic Valve*
Cardiac Surgical Procedures / methods
Child, Preschool
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Valve Diseases / surgery*
Infant, Newborn
Retrospective Studies
Comment In:
Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Mar;85(3):808-9   [PMID:  18291146 ]

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