Document Detail

The Ross operation in the treatment of native and prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7952309     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Bacterial endocarditis of the native or prosthetic aortic valve is associated with significant morbidity and mortality despite aggressive medical and surgical treatment, especially when invasion of perivalvular tissue occurs. The currently recommended treatment for these advanced infections, in addition to thorough debridement, is aortic valve or root replacement with a homograft, although it appears that equally good results can be achieved with prosthetic valved conduits. Enthusiasm for the use of the pulmonary autograft as described by Ross for the treatment of non-infective aortic valve disease is increasing, but use of the pulmonary autograft in the treatment of aortic valve endocarditis is uncommon. This paper describes successful use of the Ross operation as total root replacement in six young patients between 10 and 32 years of age with aortic valve endocarditis. Three of the patients had active endocarditis and five patients had advanced disease, i.e. endocarditis with perivalvular tissue invasion and destruction. Follow up extending to 18 months continues to show excellent results with no mortality and no re-infection. We conclude that the Ross operation as total root replacement may be the best procedure for young patients with aortic valve endocarditis. The pulmonary autograft appears to be technically particularly well-suited, has growth potential, excellent hemodynamics, and a low risk of re-infection, thrombosis, and embolic complications without anticoagulation. Based on the long term results of the Ross operation in non-infected patients, excellent long term results are expected in this group as well.
F Joyce; J Tingleff; J Aagaard; G Pettersson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of heart valve disease     Volume:  3     ISSN:  0966-8519     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Heart Valve Dis.     Publication Date:  1994 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-12-07     Completed Date:  1994-12-07     Revised Date:  2006-05-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9312096     Medline TA:  J Heart Valve Dis     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  371-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, National University Hospital-Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen O, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Aortic Valve / surgery*
Cardiac Surgical Procedures / methods
Coronary Angiography
Echocardiography, Doppler
Endocarditis, Bacterial / surgery*
Heart Valve Diseases / surgery
Heart Valve Prosthesis / adverse effects*
Postoperative Complications
Prosthesis-Related Infections / surgery*
Pulmonary Valve / transplantation*
Transplantation, Autologous
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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