Document Detail

Rosai-Dorfman disease presenting as choroidal melanoma: a case report and review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23090417     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), also known as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, is a rare non-malignant proliferation of histiocytes of unknown aetiology. It was first recognised as a distinct clinicopathologic entity in 1969, and is classified as an idiopathic non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis. The disease process is usually self-limiting and often involves lymph nodes, but extranodal involvement is well-described and any anatomic site can be involved. METHODS: We describe a unique case of a 40-year-old male who presented with a fundus mass diagnosed clinically as choroidal melanoma. The tumour showed rapid growth. The patient developed a total retinal detachment and underwent enucleation. The globe contained a choroidal tumour with histologic and immunophenotypic features characteristic of RDD. The literature of ocular Rosai-Dorfman disease was reviewed. RESULTS: This is the first case in the English literature of intraocular choroidal RDD, mimicking choroidal melanoma. CONCLUSIONS: Rosai-Dorfman disease can present as a mass-producing lesion in the choroid and may mimic other choroidal tumours. The case emphasises the need to consider diagnostic biopsy prior to definitive treatment of choroidal tumours.
Tersia L Vermeulen; Timothy W Isaacs; Dominic Spagnolo; Benhur Amanuel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1435-702X     ISO Abbreviation:  Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8205248     Medline TA:  Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Anatomical Pathology, PathWest, Royal Perth Hospital, Wellington Street, Perth, 6000, Western Australia, Australia,
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