Document Detail

The ''Ronco'' catheter for continuous flow peritoneal dialysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16485245     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To perform CFPD, a two way access must be available in order to allow continuous inflow and outflow of the solution. This is most likely achieved with a double lumen peritoneal catheter. To design a double lumen catheter does not necessarily mean to increase the size of the tube or to increase the discomfort of the patient. However, the real challenge is to find a design in which minimal re-circulation is experienced. The two tips of the catheter must be positioned such that a maximal exposure of the peritoneal surface to the fluid is guaranteed during one single passage of the fluid from one lumen to another. Double lumen catheters with one short branch and another long of straight and of spiral shape were originally designed. Ash and coworkers have designed a catheter with a t-shape configuration in order to distantiate to the maximum the tips of the two lumens. Recently we have designed a novel catheter for CFPD equipped with a thin walled silicone diffuser used to gently diffuse the inflow dialysate into the peritoneum. The holes on the round tapered diffuser are positioned to allow dialysate to perpendicularly exit 360 degrees from the diffuser. The diffuser design and hole locations disperse the high-flow dialysate fluid at 360 degrees, reducing trauma to the peritoneal walls and allowing the dialysate to mix into the peritoneum. The dispersed fluid infused into the peritoneal cavity is then drained through the second lumen whose tip is placed into the lower Douglas cavity. The new catheter with diffuser is also equipped with a special removable hub that allows for easy creation of the subcutaneous tunnel without increasing the size of the skin exit site. The results so far achieved seems to offer advantages in terms of high flows, minimal pressure regimes and negligible recirculation.
C Ronco; R Dell'aquila; M P Rodighiero; P Di Loreto; F Nalesso; E Spanò; R Parkhill; R Amerling; N Levin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of artificial organs     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0391-3988     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Artif Organs     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-17     Completed Date:  2006-05-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802649     Medline TA:  Int J Artif Organs     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  101-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, St. Bortolo Hospital, Vicenza, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Catheterization / methods
Catheters, Indwelling*
Equipment Design
Peritoneal Dialysis / instrumentation*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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