Document Detail

Roles of the red cell distribution width and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio in predicting thrombolysis failure in patients with an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25396765     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Red cell distribution width (RDW) and the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are predictors of cardiovascular risk that have been shown to correlate with impaired reperfusion and increased morbidity and mortality in patients with an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We hypothesized that RDW and the NLR would be associated with failed thrombolysis. One hundred and two STEMI patients were included in the study; 32 had failed thrombolysis while the other 70 fulfilled the criteria for successful thrombolysis. Thrombolysis failure was defined as a need for rescue percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), in-hospital mortality, unplanned PCI during hospitalization or complete occlusion of the culprit coronary artery on follow-up angiography. RDWs were compared between patients with failed or successful thrombolysis. There were no significant differences in the demographic or clinical baseline characteristics of the two groups. The mean RDW was significantly higher in the failed thrombolysis group than in the successful thrombolysis group (P = 0.028). The cutoff RDW value for failed thrombolysis was more than 14.3 fl with a sensitivity of 90.6% and a specificity of 61.4% (area under the curve, 0.774; 95% confidence interval, 0.680-0.851; P < 0.001) on receiver operating characteristics curve analysis. In addition, the prevalence of failed thrombolysis was significantly higher in patients with an RDW more than 14.3 fl than in those with an RDW of 14.3 fl or less (51.8 and 6.5%, respectively, P < 0.001 by multivariate analysis). The NLR was significantly higher in patients with an RDW more than 14.3 fl than in those with an RDW 14.3 fl or less (4 ± 2.5 and 2.8 ± 1.5, respectively, P = 0.007). RDW and the NLR may be used as adjunctive readily available factors for assessment of thrombolysis outcome upon admission.
Erkan Baysal; Mustafa Cetin; Barş Yaylak; Bernas Altntaş; Rojhat Altndağ; Sahin Adyaman; Yakup Altaş; Ilyas Kaya; Utkan Sevuk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis : an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-5733     ISO Abbreviation:  Blood Coagul. Fibrinolysis     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102551     Medline TA:  Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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