Document Detail

Roles of multiple acyl-CoA oxidases in the routing of carbon flow towards β-oxidation and polyhydroxyalkanoate biosynthesis in Yarrowia lipolytica.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20726896     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica possesses six acyl-CoA oxidase (Aox) isoenzymes encoded by genes POX1-POX6. The respective roles of these multiple Aox isoenzymes were studied in recombinant Y. lipolytica strains that express heterologous polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase (phaC) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in varying POX genetic backgrounds, thus allowing assessment of the impact of specific Aox enzymes on the routing of carbon flow to β-oxidation or to PHA biosynthesis. Analysis of PHA production yields during growth on fatty acids with different chain lengths has revealed that the POX genotype significantly affects the PHA levels, but not the monomer composition of PHA. Aox3p function was found to be responsible for 90% and 75% of the total PHA produced from either C9:0 or C13:0 fatty acid, respectively, whereas Aox5p encodes the main Aox involved in the biosynthesis of 70% of PHA from C9:0 fatty acid. Other Aoxs, such as Aox1p, Aox2p, Aox4p and Aox6p, were not found to play a significant role in PHA biosynthesis, independent of the chain length of the fatty acid used. Finally, three known models of β-oxidation are discussed and it is shown that a 'leaky-hose pipe model' of the cycle can be applied to Y. lipolytica.
Ramdane Haddouche; Syndie Delessert; Julia Sabirova; Cécile Neuvéglise; Yves Poirier; Jean-Marc Nicaud
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-08-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  FEMS yeast research     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1567-1364     ISO Abbreviation:  FEMS Yeast Res.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101085384     Medline TA:  FEMS Yeast Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  917-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
INRA, UMR1319 Micalis, Domaine de Vilvert, Jouy-en-Josas, France.
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