Document Detail


Roles of cyclooxygenase 2 in sevoflurane- and olprinone-induced early phase of preconditioning and postconditioning against myocardial infarction in rat hearts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20938040     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital. After opening the chest, all rats underwent 30-minute occlusion of left anterior descending coronary artery followed by 2-hour reperfusion, and the infarct size was measured after the reperfusion. The rats were randomly assigned to groups with pre- and postischemic exposure to sevoflurane and administration of olprinone with or without a selective COX-2 inhibitor, NS-398.
RESULTS: The infarct size in the control group was 42% ± 6% of the area at risk. Infarct size was significantly reduced by pre- and postischemic administration of sevoflurane (16% ± 7% and 17% ± 6%, respectively), as well as by olprinone (14% ± 4% and 15% ± 10%, respectively). NS-398 prevented the protective effects of both pre- and postischemic exposure to sevoflurane (35% ± 8% and 42% ± 10%, respectively), whereas the protective effect of both pre- and postischemic administration of olprinone was not influenced by NS-398 (12% ± 5% and 19% ± 7%, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Cyclooxygenase 2 could be a critical mediator of sevoflurane-induced but not olprinone-induced E-PreC or PostC in rat hearts.
Authors:
Shinya Tosaka; Reiko Tosaka; Shuhei Matsumoto; Takuji Maekawa; Sungsam Cho; Koji Sumikawa
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology and therapeutics     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1940-4034     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. Ther.     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602617     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  72-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National Hospital Organization Nagasaki Medical Center, Nagasaki, Japan.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  A randomized trial of aspirin at clinically relevant doses and nitric oxide formation in humans.
Next Document:  Postconditioning: from the bench to bedside.