Document Detail


Role of tobacco smoking in hangover symptoms among university students.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23200149     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Although hangover results from excessive alcohol consumption, the specific pathways through which hangover symptoms arise have not been elucidated. Research on predictors of hangover sensitivity may provide clues about such mechanisms. The present study investigated whether tobacco smoking on days of heavy drinking affects next-day hangover incidence and severity.
METHOD: The study drew on diary data from a study on smoking and drinking among 113 students at a midwestern university in the United States. Participants completed a daily, web-based, 26-item survey for 8 weeks to assess prior-day alcohol and tobacco use as well as current-day hangover symptoms. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to test the hypothesis that amount of smoking is related to hangover, controlling for amount of alcohol consumed, sex, and other individual characteristics. Analyses were conducted after selecting only days with alcohol consumption levels that typically elicit hangover, then repeated on lighter drinking days for comparison. Validity of the hangover items was checked by comparing reports after such heavy drinking days with days of lighter drinking.
RESULTS: Across all possible person-days, 92% of daily reports were obtained. When selecting only events where an estimated blood alcohol concentration of 110 mg/dl was attained, smoking significantly increased the odds of hangover incidence and hangover severity while controlling for number of drinks consumed and sex. Additional analyses controlling for age first smoked regularly, frequency of drug use, type of drug involvement, or smoking status resulted in findings that were unchanged.
CONCLUSIONS: Smoking more on heavy drinking days affects hangover sensitivity and severity, possibly because of acute pharmacological effects.
Authors:
Kristina M Jackson; Damaris J Rohsenow; Thomas M Piasecki; Jonathan Howland; Alison E Richardson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1938-4114     ISO Abbreviation:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-03     Completed Date:  2013-05-14     Revised Date:  2014-01-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101295847     Medline TA:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  41-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*,  epidemiology
Alcohol-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
Alcoholic Intoxication / epidemiology
Data Collection
Ethanol / administration & dosage,  blood
Female
Humans
Incidence
Internet
Linear Models
Male
Severity of Illness Index
Smoking / adverse effects*,  epidemiology
Students / statistics & numerical data*
United States
Universities
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1 R01 DA023995/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K01 AA13938/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
3K9958V90M/Ethanol
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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