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Role of renal anemia in the functional, morphological and autoimmune thyroid disorders in patients on chronic hemodialysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21950230     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Thyroid disorders are common in chronic kidney disease. The aim of this study was to examine the role of renal anemia on thyroid function, morphology and autoimmunity in clinically euthyroid patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD). Prospective study during 12 months period included 40 stable patients on chronic HD treatment. Patients were divided into two groups according to the serum hemoglobin level (group A Hgb > 125 g / L and group B Hgb < 125 g / L). Blood samples were taken for determination total and free thyroid hormones, thyroid antibodies and standard biochemical tests. Thyroid ultrasonography was performed with a 7.5 MHz transducer, 50 mm linear transducer. Thyroid volume was calculated, echostructure assessed and presence of nodular changes. In group A, was found significantly lower levels of total T3 (1.29 +/- 0469 vs. 1.55 +/- 0352, p < 0.1); higher prevalence of low T3 syndrome (17.24% (n = 5) vs. 0.00 (n = 0), p < 0.05); ultrasound findings suggestive for Hashimoto thyroiditis (13.79 (n = 4) vs. 0.00% (n = 0), p < 0.05) and multinodular goiter (13.79% (n = 4) vs. 0.00% (n = 0), p < 0.05). We found no statistically significant difference in the mean values of of thyroid antibodies levels, as well as in their percentage representation among groups. Morphological, functional and autoimmune disorders of thyroid gland are more common in patients on HD with Hgb level < 125 g/L. These findings suggest a role of renal anemia in the pathogenesis of these, and need for periodical screening of thyroid function, morphology, and titer of thyroid antibodies in patients HD, as well as more effective diagnosis and more aggressive treatment of renal anemia.
Authors:
Selma Jusufovic; Emir Hodzic; Alma Halilcevic
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicinski arhiv     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0350-199X     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Arh     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400722     Medline TA:  Med Arh     Country:  Bosnia and Hercegovina    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  228-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Endocrinology, Clinic for Internal Diseases, University Clinical Centre Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
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