Document Detail

Role of precursors and coating polymers in sol-gel chemistry toward enhanced selectivity and efficiency in solid phase microextraction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22884206     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
To evaluate the selectivity and efficiency of solid phase microextraction (SPME) fiber coatings, synthesized by sol-gel technology, roles of precursors and coating polymers were extensively investigated. An on-line combination of capillary microextraction (CME) technique and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was set up to perform the investigation. Ten different fiber coatings were synthesized in which five of them contained only the precursor and the rests were prepared using both the precursor and coating polymer. All the coatings were chemically bonded to the inner surface of copper tubes, intended to be used as the CME device and already functionalized by self-assembly monolayers of 3-(mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane (3MPTMOS). The selected precursors included tetramethoxysilane (TMOS), 3-(trimethoxysilyl)propylmethacrylate (TMSPMA), 3-(triethoxysilyl)-propylamine (TMSPA), 3MPTMOS, [3-(2,3-epoxypropoxy)-propyl]-trimethoxysilane (EPPTMOS) while poly(ethyleneglycol) (PEG) was chosen as the coating polymer. The effects of different precursors on the extraction efficiency and selectivity, was studied by selecting a list of compounds ranging from non-polar to polar ones, i.e. polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, herbicides, estrogens and triazines. The results from CME-HPLC analysis revealed that there is no significant difference between precursors, except TMOS, in which has the lowest extraction efficiency. Most of the selected precursors have rather similar interactions toward the selected analytes which include Van der Walls, dipole-dipole and hydrogen bond while TMOS has only dipole-dipole interaction and therefore the least efficiency. TMOS is silica but the other sorbents are organically modified silica (ORMOSIL). Our investigation revealed that it is rather impossible to prepare a selective coating using conventional sol-gel methodologies. The comparison study performed among the fiber coatings contained only a precursor and those synthesized by a precursor along with coating polymer proved that the extraction efficiency obtained for all coatings are the same. This is an indication that by selecting the appropriate precursor there is no need to use any coating polymer. In overall, a fiber coating in sol-gel process could be synthesize with no coating polymer which leads to faster, easier, cheaper and more controllable synthesis.
Habib Bagheri; Hamed Piri-Moghadam; Tayebeh Ahdi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-02-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Analytica chimica acta     Volume:  742     ISSN:  1873-4324     ISO Abbreviation:  Anal. Chim. Acta     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370534     Medline TA:  Anal Chim Acta     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  45-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Environmental and Bio-Analytical Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9516, Tehran, Iran.
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