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Role of platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) in reverting neuronal nuclear and soma size alterations in NSC-34 cells exposed to cerebrospinal fluid from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24731566     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or motor neuron disease is an adult-onset progressive neurodegenerative disorder. ALS-CSF has been shown to produce toxic effects on motor neuron cells like aberrant neurofilament phosphorylation and morphological alterations of nuclear and soma size. Our current study was designed to investigate the neuroprotective role of platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) in reverting the adverse effects produced by ALS-CSF.
METHODS: Our present study was carried out to determine the restorative potential of PDGF on the toxic effects of ALS-CSF on NSC motor neuron cells from patients. Therefore the cells were divided in to three groups: (a) normal control (NC) - the cells were not exposed to ALS-CSF; (b) ALS group - the cells were exposed to ALS-CSF; (c) NALS group - the cells were exposed to non ALS CSF. Further each of these groups was supplemented with PDGF.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: We observed that the mean area of nucleus and cell soma of the differentiated NSC motor neuron cells was significantly reduced in the cells exposed to ALS-CSF. We also observed that subsequent treatment with PDGF restored the soma area and nucleus of the ALS-CSF exposed cells significantly. Taken together, we show that supplementation with PDGF restores the morphological changes induced by ALS-CSF and PDGF may play a significant role in protecting motor neurons from apoptosis in ALS and thereby it promoting the cell survival.
Authors:
Yu-Yue Chen; Xin-Wei Liu; Tian-Xing Gong; Zhi-Yu Zhang; Yun-En Liu; Yu-Biao Zhang; Liang-Bi Xiang; Hong Xia
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-02-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical neurology and neurosurgery     Volume:  120     ISSN:  1872-6968     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Neurol Neurosurg     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-04-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502039     Medline TA:  Clin Neurol Neurosurg     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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