Document Detail


Role of oxygen radicals in canine myocardial metabolic derangement during regional ischemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1539715     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To clarify the role of oxygen radicals in the development of myocardial injury during ischemia, production of lipid peroxides mediated by oxygen radicals was determined in in vivo dogs subjected to regional ischemia and reperfusion. Myocardial injury was assessed by derangement in energy and carbohydrate metabolism caused by ischemia and reperfusion. The production of lipid peroxides mediated by oxygen radicals considerably increased not only during reperfusion after ischemia but also during ischemia. Removal of oxygen radicals by administration of radical scavengers [recombinant human superoxide dismutase + catalase or N-(2-mercaptopropionyl)glycine] completely prevented the increase in production of lipid peroxides during ischemia. However, the radical scavengers did not attenuate the myocardial energy and carbohydrate metabolic derangements caused by ischemia and reperfusion after ischemia. These results suggest that significant amounts of oxygen radicals are generated during ischemia as well as during reperfusion and that the oxygen radicals and subsequent lipid peroxidation are not major factors in development of myocardial injury during either ischemia or reperfusion after ischemia.
Authors:
H Ohmi; K Ichihara; Y Abiko
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  262     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1992 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-04-01     Completed Date:  1992-04-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H553-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacology, Asahikawa Medical College, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Carbohydrate Metabolism
Coronary Disease / metabolism*
Dogs
Energy Metabolism
Female
Free Radical Scavengers
Free Radicals
Heart / drug effects
Lipid Peroxides / metabolism
Male
Myocardial Reperfusion
Myocardium / metabolism*
Oxygen / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Free Radical Scavengers; 0/Free Radicals; 0/Lipid Peroxides; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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