Document Detail


Role of nitric oxide during early phase myocardial ischemic preconditioning in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18710640     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: To date, there have been no reports on altered nitric oxide (NO) content in ischemia/reperfusion with regard to in vivo preconditioning procedures. These studies are important for understanding the mechanisms of NO during early myocardial ischemic preconditioning. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanisms of NO during early myocardial ischemic preconditioning by measuring levels of NO and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), as well as activity of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in ischemia/reperfusion with respect to preconditioning in rats. METHODS: Sixty-six female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: ischemic preconditioning group (IP), ischemia/reperfusion group (I/R), control group (CON), and preconditioning procedure group (PC). In the PC group, rats were further divided into PC1-, PC1 +, PC2-, PC2 +, PC3-, and PC3 + subgroups. Rats underwent left coronary artery occlusion and reperfusion, and subsequently, NOS activity and levels were assessed with spectrophotometric analysis. cGMP contents were measured with radioimmunoassay. RESULTS: The level of NO and cGMP, as well as the activity of NOS, were significantly higher in the IP group compared to the I/R and CON groups (P < 0.05). During preconditioning prior to prolonged ischemia, NO and cGMP levels varied markedly with ischemia and reperfusion. The levels of NO repeatedly increased when the heart was exposed to three episodes of 5-minute ischemia, and were almost completely reversed during each reperfusion period. NO and cGMP levels were significantly different between the 5-minute period of ischemia and the same period of reperfusion during preconditioning. CONCLUSIONS: NO plays an important role during early phase myocardial ischemic preconditioning in rats. NO and cGMP could be triggers and mediators of early phase myocardial ischemic preconditioning. Altered NOS activity following ischemic stress could be the primary inducer of higher NO levels detected. NO and cGMP fluctuations might be the trigger for protection during early phase myocardial ischemic preconditioning.
Authors:
Hong-guang Han; Zeng-wei Wang; Nan-bin Zhang; Hong-yu Zhu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese medical journal     Volume:  121     ISSN:  0366-6999     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-19     Completed Date:  2008-09-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513795     Medline TA:  Chin Med J (Engl)     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1210-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Xijing Hospital of Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China. Hanxiyao@163.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cyclic GMP / analysis
Female
Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial*
Nitric Oxide / analysis,  physiology*
Nitric Oxide Synthase / metabolism
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
10102-43-9/Nitric Oxide; 7665-99-8/Cyclic GMP; EC 1.14.13.39/Nitric Oxide Synthase

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