Document Detail


Role of lysines in the cytochrome c - cardiolipin interaction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23738909     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cytochrome c undergoes structural variations during the apoptotic process; such changes have been related with modifications occurring in the protein when it forms a complex with cardiolipin, one of the phospholipids constituting the mitochondrial membrane. Although several studies have been performed to identify the site(s) of the protein involved in the cytochrome c/cardiolipin interaction, to date the location of this hosting region(s) remains unidentified and is a matter of debate. To gain a deeper insight into the reaction mechanism, we investigate the role that the Lys72, Lys73 and Lys79 residues play in the cytochrome c/cardiolipin interaction, as these side chains appear to be critical for cytochrome c/cardiolipin recognition. The Lys72Asn, Lys73Asn, Lys79Asn, Lys72/73Asn and Lys72/73/79Asn mutants of horse heart cytochrome c were produced and characterized by circular dichroism, UV-visible and resonance Raman spectroscopies, and the effects of the mutations on the interaction of the variants with cardiolipin have been investigated. The mutants are characterized by a subpopulation with non-native axial coordination, and are less stable than the wild type protein. Furthermore, the mutants lacking Lys72 and/or Lys79 do not bind cardiolipin and those lacking Lys73, although they form a complex with the phospholipid, do not show any peroxidase activity. These observations indicate that the Lys72, Lys73 and Lys79 residues stabilize the native axial Met80-Fe(III) coordination as well as the tertiary structure of cytochrome c. Moreover, while Lys72 and Lys79 are critical for cytochrome c/cardiolipin recognition, the simultaneous presence of Lys72, Lys73 and Lys79 is necessary for peroxidase activity of cardiolipin-bound cytochrome c.
Authors:
Federica Sinibaldi; Barry D Howes; Enrica Droghetti; Fabio Polticelli; Maria Cristina Piro; Donato Di Pierro; Laura Fiorucci; Massimo Coletta; Giulietta Smulevich; Roberto Santucci
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-4995     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochemistry     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370623     Medline TA:  Biochemistry     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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