Document Detail


Role of light emitted by incandescent or fluorescent lamps in the development of myopia and astigmatism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15039648     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to determine if the development of refractive errors night be associated with exposure to light emitted by incandescent or fluorescent lamps. MATERIAL/METHODS: 3377 students from elementary schools, junior high schools and high schools were examined, aged 6-19 years. Visual acuity was measured, and retinoscopy was performed after cycloplegia. The parents of all students examined completed a questionnaire concerning the child's exposure to light emitted by incandescent or fluorescent lamps before the age of two. The data was analyzed using the chi-squared test. RESULTS: Sleeping till the age of two with a room light turned on leads to an increase in the occurrence of myopia (P<0.01). It was also found that light emitted by fluorescent lamps leads to more frequent occurrence of astigmatism (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Disturbance of the daily light/dark cycle over the time during which refraction develops may disrupt emmetropization and lead to refractive errors.
Authors:
Damian Czepita; Wojciech Gosławski; Artur Mojsa; Izabela Muszyńska-Lachota
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1234-1010     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. Sci. Monit.     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-20     Completed Date:  2004-08-10     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9609063     Medline TA:  Med Sci Monit     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  CR168-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Ophthalmology, Pomeranian Medical Academy, Szczecin, Poland. czepita@pro.onet.pl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Astigmatism / etiology*
Child
Female
Humans
Light / adverse effects*
Male
Myopia / etiology*
Sleep / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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