Document Detail


Role of food labels in accidental exposures in food-allergic individuals in Canada.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20143647     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the impact of food labeling on the allergic consumer. OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of food-allergic individuals attributing an accidental exposure to inappropriate labeling, failure to read a food label, or ignoring a precautionary statement and to identify factors associated with accidental exposures. METHODS: Food-allergic individuals or their caregivers were recruited from a Canadian registry of individuals with a physician-confirmed diagnosis of peanut allergy and from allergy awareness organizations. Participants completed questionnaires regarding accidental exposures due to specific food labeling issues. The association between accidental exposures and characteristics of food-allergic individuals or their caregivers was estimated using multivariate logistic regression models. RESULTS: Of 1,862 potential participants, 1,454 (78.1%) responded. Of the 47.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 45.1%-50.5%) of respondents who experienced an accidental exposure, 47.0% (95% CI, 43.1%-50.9%) attributed the event to inappropriate labeling, 28.6% (95% CI, 25.1%-32.2%) to failure to read a food label, and 8.3% (95% CI, 6.3%-10.7%) to ignoring a precautionary statement. Food-allergic individuals who were allergic to peanut, tree nut, fish, or shellfish were less likely to experience an accidental exposure due to the allergen not being identified in plain language. CONCLUSIONS: A considerable proportion of accidental exposures are attributed to inappropriate labeling, failure to read labels, and ignoring precautionary statements. Clear and consistent labeling of food allergens combined with increased consumer education is necessary to improve consumer confidence and compliance and to reduce accidental exposures.
Authors:
Shashank S Sheth; Susan Waserman; Rhoda Kagan; Reza Alizadehfar; Marie-Noel Primeau; Susan Elliot; Yvan St Pierre; Rebecca Wickett; Lawrence Joseph; Laurie Harada; Claire Dufresne; Mary Allen; Marilyn Allen; Samuel Benrejeb Godefroy; Ann E Clarke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1081-1206     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-10     Completed Date:  2010-04-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503580     Medline TA:  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  60-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Clinical Immunology/Allergy, Department of Medicine, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Arachis hypogaea / adverse effects
Canada
Caregivers / statistics & numerical data
Child
Environmental Exposure / adverse effects
Female
Food Labeling / statistics & numerical data*
Humans
Male
Patient Education as Topic
Peanut Hypersensitivity / epidemiology*,  etiology,  prevention & control
Questionnaires
Registries*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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