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Role of endoscopy in patients with diverticular disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22572687     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Acute diverticulitis occurs in 10-25% of patients with diverticulosis. Colonoscopy is advised 6 weeks after an attack of acute diverticulitis in order to completely evaluate the colonic lumen and exclude a potential malignancy. We conducted several studies aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of early colonoscopy in patients with acute diverticulitis. Consecutive patients hospitalized for acute diverticulitis were included. In the first phase of the study, patients with adjacent peri-diverticular air/fluid on CT were excluded. In the second phase of the study, we included patients with peri-diverticular air/fluid on CT as well. During the first phase of the study, 39 patients underwent uneventful colonoscopy. During the second phase of the study, 40 patients underwent colonoscopy and 1 of 6 patients with peri-diverticular air had perforation of her sigmoid colon. Two patients had a more protracted course and were clearly those who benefited most from the early colonoscopy. Based on our study, we concluded that early colonoscopy in acute diverticulitis is feasible. It should be reserved either for all patients with no air adjacent to diverticuli on CT or just for those with a more protracted course. In the third phase, a prospective randomized study was conducted on patients with acute diverticulitis with no peri-diverticular air. Such patients were randomized into those who underwent early colonoscopy and those who underwent colonoscopy 6 weeks later. Eighty-three patients were included in both groups and in none has a significant lesion been identified (except polyps). It seems therefore that the current abdominal CT with its excellent resolution is enough to exclude colonic cancer. Colonoscopy should be reserved only for patients with a protracted unresolved course of acute diverticulitis.
Authors:
Simon Bar-Meir; Adi Lahat; Ehud Melzer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-05-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Digestive diseases (Basel, Switzerland)     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1421-9875     ISO Abbreviation:  Dig Dis     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701186     Medline TA:  Dig Dis     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  60-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Department of Gastroenterology, Chaim Sheba Medical Center and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
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