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Role of endogenous testosterone in TNF-induced myocardial injury in males.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22567171     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Gender-specific disparities have been observed in myocardium exposed to tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF). Male myocardium demonstrates greater loss in cardiac function in the presence of a given TNF level compared to female. In addition, we have previously demonstrated that estrogen has little influence on reducing TNF-caused myocardial dysfunction in female hearts, suggesting that male hormone - testosterone may be responsible for gender differences in TNF-mediated myocardial damage. Therefore, in this study, we hypothesize that endogenous testosterone plays a detrimental role in TNF-induced myocardial injury in male hearts.
METHODS: Isolated mouse hearts from age-matched adult males, females, castrated males and males treated with androgen receptor blocker-flutamide were subjected to 45 minutes of TNF infusion via a Langendorff model. Left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and heart rate were continuously recorded. After TNF infusion, heart tissue was analyzed for myocardial levels of caspase-8 and caspase-3 by Western blot assay.
RESULTS: TNF infusion significantly depressed LVDP, but not heart rate in males. Myocardial rate pressure product (RPP, LVDP*heart rate) was markedly decreased in male hearts compared to females in exposure to TNF, which was associated with higher levels of TNF-induced caspase-8 and caspase-3. Importantly, depletion of endogenous testosterone by castration or blockade of androgen receptor by flutamide treatment abolished TNF-decreased RPP in male hearts. However, castration or flutamide treatment did not affect TNF production and myocardial expression of TNFR1 and TNFR2.
CONCLUSION: Our study shows that testosterone is critical to the gender difference in TNF-induced detrimental effects on myocardium. Relative low threshold for TNF-caused myocardial damage in males is likely due to the interaction of testosterone with downstream signals of TNFR1 and/or TNFR2.
Authors:
Meijing Wang; Hongmei Gu; Benjamin D Brewster; Chunyan Huang
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-04-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of clinical and experimental medicine     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1940-5901     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Clin Exp Med     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-08     Completed Date:  2012-08-23     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101471010     Medline TA:  Int J Clin Exp Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  96-104     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
The Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine Indianapolis, Indiana.
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