Document Detail


Role of dural fenestrations in acute subdural hematoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11780896     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECT: Patients with acute subdural hematomas (ASDHs) have higher mortality and lower functional recovery rates compared with those of other head-injured patients. Early surgical decompression and active intensive care treatment represent, so far, the best way to assist these patients. Paradoxically, one of the factors contributing to poor outcomes in cases of ASDHs could be rapid surgical decompression, owing to the severe extrusion of the brain through the craniotomy defect in response to acute brain swelling. To avoid the deleterious consequences of abrupt decompression of the subdural space with disruption of brain tissue, the authors have adopted a new surgical technique for evacuation of ASDHs. This procedure consists of creating multiple fenestrations of the dura (MFD) in a meshlike fashion and removing clots through the small dural openings that are left open, avoiding the creation of a wide dural opening and the disruption of and additional damage to brain tissue. METHODS: Thirty-one patients (26 male and five female patients with a mean age of 32.5 years) harboring ASDHs were treated using this method. On admission there were 16 patients (51.5%) with Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores of 3 to 5, 11 patients (35.5%) with GCS scores of 6 to 8, and four patients (12.9%) with GCS scores of 9 to 12. Postoperative computerized tomography scans of the brain revealed evacuation of more than 80% of the hematoma in 29 of 31 patients. The overall mortality rate in this group was 51.6%. CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary report of a new surgical approach for patients who have sustained ASDHs should be considered to avoid abrupt disruption of the brain and to allow the gradual and gentle release of subdural clots. This is especially important in cases in which there are severe midline shifts and a tight brain. Further clinical studies should be conducted in a more selected series to estimate the impact of this new procedure on morbidity and mortality rates.
Authors:
J N Guilburd; G E Sviri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurosurgery     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0022-3085     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosurg.     Publication Date:  2001 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-01-08     Completed Date:  2002-01-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0253357     Medline TA:  J Neurosurg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  263-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurosurgery, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel. j_guilburd@rambam.health.gov.il
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Brain Edema / prevention & control
Case Management
Child
Child, Preschool
Decompression, Surgical / methods*
Dura Mater / radiography,  surgery*
Female
Glasgow Coma Scale
Hematoma, Subdural, Acute / mortality*,  radiography,  surgery*
Humans
Intensive Care / methods*
Male
Middle Aged
Recovery of Function
Suction / methods
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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