Document Detail

Role of dietary factors in the hypertension of African Americans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8668865     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Epidemiological and experimental data suggest that dietary constituents are among the causative factors that contribute to the higher prevalence and severity of hypertension in African Americans as compared with European Americans. Given the difficulty of cleanly separating a change in one dietary nutrient from concomitant changes in others, it has been difficult to reliably attribute an observed effect on blood pressure level and hypertension prevalence to the specific dietary constituent under study. Nevertheless, because hypertension is virtually nonexistent in societies whose dietary sodium chloride intake is very low, it appears that a sodium chloride intake in excess of that required to maintain adequate extracellular fluid volume is necessary but not sufficient for hypertension to be manifest. Additional factors are clearly necessary in the development of hypertension because most individuals, including African Americans, can ingest a high sodium chloride diet without developing hypertension. Evidence for the potential importance of other dietary constituents is also discussed, as are dietary strategies that effectively reduce blood pressure in hypertensive individuals. The data presented support the need for continued research into dietary constituents as potential factors contributing to the etiology of hypertension, as well as effective adjuncts to the management of this very common health problem.
H J Adrogué; D E Wesson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in nephrology     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0270-9295     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin. Nephrol.     Publication Date:  1996 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-08-07     Completed Date:  1996-08-07     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8110298     Medline TA:  Semin Nephrol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  94-101     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans*
African Continental Ancestry Group
Alcohol Drinking
Attitude to Health
Calcium, Dietary
Diet* / adverse effects
Dietary Fats
Dietary Fiber
Energy Intake
Hypertension / epidemiology,  ethnology*,  etiology
Potassium, Dietary
Risk Factors
Sodium, Dietary
United States / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium, Dietary; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Potassium, Dietary; 0/Sodium, Dietary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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