Document Detail

Role of decreased plasma volume in hematocrit alterations during incremental treadmill exercise in horses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8368395     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Six intact (IN) and six splenectomized (SP) mares were subjected to an incremental exercise test to examine the role of decreases in plasma volume (PV) in the changes in hematocrit (Hct) normally seen with exercise. Each horse underwent an incremental exercise test in which it ran on a treadmill up a fixed incline of 6 degrees. The test started at a speed of 4 m/s, and speed was increased 1 m/s each min until heart rate reached a plateau. Blood samples were obtained at rest and at the end of the 4, 5, 6, and 7 m/s steps of the exercise test. Resting PV was greater (P < 0.05) in the IN group (28.6 +/- 0.5 liters) compared with SP horses (22.7 +/- 2.2 liters). Exercise produced a significant increase in Hct in both groups of horses; however, the increases were greater (P < 0.05) at all exercise intensities in IN compared with SP horses. Hct increased rapidly during the first step (4 m/s) in the exercise test in the IN animals. After this, Hct increased slowly in IN horses, and values for the 5, 6, and 7 m/s steps paralleled the changes observed in the SP horses. Corrected Hct values were then used to calculate the relative change in PV. Exercise produced a significant decrease in PV in both groups of horses; however, there were no differences (P > 0.05) between the groups when IN horses (-13 +/- 3 and -18 +/- 2%) were compared with SP horses (-14 +/- 4 and -17 +/- 4%) at the 6 and 7 m/s steps of the exercise test.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
K H McKeever; K W Hinchcliff; S M Reed; J T Robertson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  265     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1993 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-10-07     Completed Date:  1993-10-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  R404-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210.
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MeSH Terms
Exercise Test
Horses / blood,  physiology*
Physical Conditioning, Animal*
Plasma Volume*
Reference Values
Spleen / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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