Document Detail


Role of cytokines in experimentally induced lung cancer and chemoprevention by COX-2 selective inhibitor, etoricoxib.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22991065     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study explored the role of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in dimethyl benz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced lung cancer and its subsequent correction with a COX-2 inhibitory NSAID, etoricoxib. A single dose of DMBA (20 mg/kg body weight) in 0.9 % NaCl administered intratracheally was used to induce tumors in the rat lungs in 20 weeks. The study of pro-inflammatory cytokines like IL-1β, TNF-α, and IFN-γ revealed their upregulation by DMBA administration and restoration of their levels toward normal by the treatment with etoricoxib, while the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-2 was found to be down-regulated with carcinogen administration and corrected with etoricoxib treatment. Apoptosis was studied by mitochondrial Bcl-2/Bax ratio and staining with fluorescent dyes acridine orange/ethidium bromide. The results showed a decreased apoptotic level with DMBA which was corrected with etoricoxib. Also, mitochondrial membrane potential was studied using JC-1 and rhodamine-123, which are membrane permeant fluorescent dyes, and generate information about cells at lower and higher mitochondrial membrane potential (∆Ψ(M)). The results showed the presence of maximum number of cells with higher ∆Ψ(M) in the DMBA group and their number was considerably lowered in the other three groups.
Authors:
Neeti Nadda; Shruti Setia; Vivek Vaish; Sankar Nath Sanyal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular and cellular biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-4919     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Cell. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364456     Medline TA:  Mol Cell Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Biophysics, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160014, India.
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