Document Detail


Role of coronary angiography MDCT in the clinical setting: changes in diagnostic workup in the real world.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22744347     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The authors sought to evaluate the incremental value of introducing coronary angiography with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT-CA) compared with the conventional diagnostic workup in managing patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) workup. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 531 consecutive patients underwent MDCT-CA between April 2008 and August 2010. For each patient the pretest probability of CAD was obtained by using the Morise score as well as the diagnostic performance of the exercise test and of MDCT-CA, considering conventional coronary angiography (CCA) as the gold standard. Based on these results, we calculated the posttest likelihood of CAD after stress testing, comparing the incremental diagnostic value for each category of cardiovascular risk with data obtained with MDCT-CA. The conventional diagnostic workup (without MDCT-CA) was then compared with the modified workup (including MDCT-CA). RESULTS: The diagnostic performance of the exercise test for identifying patients with significant lesions had a sensitivity and specificity of 20% and 88%, respectively, with positive (PPV) and negative (NPV) predictive value of 41% and 72%, respectively. Taking CA as the gold standard, MDCT-CA had 93% sensitivity, 89% specificity, 88% PPV and 93% NPV compared with CCA in evaluating significant stenoses in the per-patient analysis. The overall diagnostic accuracy of MDCT-CA was 91%. The exercise tests provided no significant incremental diagnostic value compared with cardiovascular history in patients with a low to intermediate risk. Comparison of the diagnostic accuracy of these protocols showed improved performance results for the modified protocol. CONCLUSIONS: MDCT-CA is the reference modality for the noninvasive exclusion of critical CAD. It provides a very high incremental diagnostic value compared with exercise testing in patients with a low to intermediate risk of CAD. The use of diagnostic protocols based on MDCT-CA ensures improved diagnostic performance compared with those involving conventional exercise electrocardiograms.
Authors:
R Malagò; A Pezzato; C Barbiani; U Alfonsi; M D'Onofrio; D Tavella; P Benussi; R Pozzi Mucelli
Related Documents :
11913427 - Human sensitivity to gravity (on the problem of gravipreferendum).
16112777 - Stimulus-induced increase of taste responses in the hamster chorda tympani by repeated ...
7342777 - Sulfur dioxide induced airway hyperreactivity in allergic sheep.
18296957 - Effects of pre-exposure to hyperbaric hyperoxia on high-intensity exercise performance.
1422967 - Experimental changes in mineral content of juvenile mouse femora.
3595047 - Chest pain, dyspnea on exertion, and exercise induced asthma in children and adolescents.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  La Radiologia medica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1826-6983     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0177625     Medline TA:  Radiol Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Istituto di Radiologia, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Integrata di Verona Policlinico G.B. Rossi, P.le L.A. Scuro 10, 37134, Verona, Italy, rmalag@sirm.org.
Vernacular Title:
Ruolo dell'angiografia coronarica TCMS nel setting clinico: modifiche del percorso diagnostico nel mondo reale.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Assessment of activity of Crohn's disease of the ileum and large bowel: proposal for a new multipara...
Next Document:  Screening for lung cancer using low-dose spiral CT: 10 years later, state of the art.