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Role of coerulean noradrenergic neurones in general anaesthesia in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21965049     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: /st>Central noradrenergic neurones have a role in alertness, analgesia, and thermoregulation; these neurones are also involved in the mechanism of anaesthesia. Locus coeruleus neurones innervate various central nervous regions including the cerebral cortex and hippocampus, and are responsible for wakefulness and analgesia. We hypothesized that these neurones are also involved in both activation of the γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor and inhibition of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated anaesthesia. METHODS: /st>Forty-seven male rats were used to compare duration of anaesthesia before and 10 days after noradrenergic neurone depletion after intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine (DSP-4; 0, 5, and 50 mg kg(-1)). The animals received i.p. thiopental (GABA anaesthetic, 45 mg kg(-1)) or ketamine (NMDA anaesthetic, 100 mg kg(-1)). We also tested the effects of coerulean noradrenergic neurone depletion on i.p. ketamine analgesia (15 mg kg(-1)) using the hot-plate test in a further 21 male rats. At the end of each experiment, norepinephrine contents in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus were measured. RESULTS: /st>I.P. DSP-4 5 and 50 mg kg(-1) significantly decreased ketamine anaesthesia duration by 12.7% and 22.4%, increased thiopental anaesthesia duration by 10.8% and 24.5%, and reduced ketamine-increased hot-plate latency by 55.2% and 68.1%, respectively. In addition, i.p. DSP-4 5 and 50 mg kg(-1) significantly reduced norepinephrine contents in coerulean brain regions by ∼20% and ∼75%, respectively. There were significant correlations between norepinephrine contents in coerulean brain regions and anaesthesia durations and ketamine analgesia. CONCLUSIONS: /st>The present data indicate that coerulean noradrenergic neurones may be responsible for both GABA- and NMDA-mediated anaesthetic actions.
T Kushikata; H Yoshida; M Kudo; T Kudo; T Kudo; K Hirota
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1471-6771     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Anesthesiology and.
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