Document Detail


Role of circulating peptide YY in the inhibition of gastric acid secretion by dietary fat in humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10720114     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Intestinal fat inhibits gastric acid secretion and induces release of peptide YY (PYY) into the circulation. The aim of this study was to further establish the role of circulating PYY in the inhibition of gastric acid secretion by intraduodenal fat. METHODS: Plasma PYY concentrations and gastrin-stimulated gastric acid output were measured in response to intravenous infusion of PYY in eight healthy men. The results were compared with those obtained after intraduodenal administration of dietary fat. RESULTS: Plasma PYY concentrations increased by 8.1 +/- 1.8 pmol/l (P < 0.005) in response to the lower and by 13.5 +/- 2.5 pmol/l (P < 0.005) in response to the higher PYY dose. These increments were comparable to those observed after intraduodenal fat (10.3 +/- 2.4 pmol/l). Intraduodenal fat significantly inhibited (P < 0.005 versus control) gastrin-stimulated gastric acid secretion by 74% +/- 6%, but neither the lower (3% +/- 7%; NS) nor the higher PYY dose (1% +/- 10%; NS) induced any change in gastric acid output. PYY was biologically active, as reflected by a significant delay (P = 0.04) of orocaecal transit time. CONCLUSION: Release of PYY into the circulation is not responsible for inhibition of gastrin-stimulated gastric acid secretion by dietary fat.
Authors:
F Hoentjen; W P Hopman; M I Maas; J B Jansen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0036-5521     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand. J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2000 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-04-07     Completed Date:  2000-04-07     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0060105     Medline TA:  Scand J Gastroenterol     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  166-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Dept. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, University Hospital, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Dietary Fats / pharmacology*
Female
Gastric Acid / secretion*
Gastrins / physiology
Gastrointestinal Transit / physiology
Humans
Male
Peptide YY / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 0/Gastrins; 106388-42-5/Peptide YY

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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