Document Detail


Role of Slr1045 in environmental stress tolerance and lipid transport in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22414664     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter proteins mediate energy-dependent transport of substrates across cell membranes. Numerous ABC transporter-related genes have been found in the Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 genome by genome sequence analysis including H(+), iron, phosphate, polysaccharide, and CO(2) transport-related genes. The substrates of many other ABC transporters are still unknown. To identify ABC transporters involved in acid tolerance, deletion mutants of ABC transporter genes with unknown substrates were screened for acid stress sensitivities in low pH medium. It was found that cells expressing the deletion mutant of slr1045 were more sensitive to acid stress than the wild-type cells. Moreover, slr1045 expression in the wild-type cells was increased under acid stress. These results indicate that slr1045 is an essential gene for survival under acid stress. The mutant displayed high osmotic stress resistance and high/low temperature stress sensitivity. Considering the temperature-sensitive phenotype and homology to the organic solvent-resistant ABC system, we subsequently compared the lipid profiles of slr1045 mutant and wild-type cells by thin-layer chromatography. In acid stress conditions, the phosphatidylglycerol (PG) content in the slr1045 mutant cells was approximately 40% of that in the wild-type cells. Moreover, the addition of PG to the medium compensated for the growth deficiency of the slr1045 mutant cells under acid stress conditions. These data suggest that slr1045 plays a role in the stabilization of cell membranes in challenging environmental conditions. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Photosynthesis Research for Sustainability: from Natural to Artificial Photosynthesis.
Authors:
Hiroko Tahara; Junji Uchiyama; Toshihiro Yoshihara; Kouji Matsumoto; Hisataka Ohta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochimica et biophysica acta     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0006-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217513     Medline TA:  Biochim Biophys Acta     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan.
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