Document Detail

Role of RIHP and renal tubular sodium transporters in volume retention of pregnant rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16202865     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Normal pregnancy is characterized by sodium and water conservation and an increase in plasma volume that is required for an uncomplicated pregnancy. Renal interstitial hydrostatic pressure (RIHP) is significantly decreased in pregnant rats. This decrease in RIHP may play an important role in the sodium and water retention that characterizes normal pregnancy. Paradoxically this enhanced renal sodium and water reabsorption appear to conflict with the consistent findings of a general decrease in abundance of renal tubular sodium transporters during normal pregnancy. The objective of this review is to examine the apparent discrepancy between the increases in renal tubular sodium and water reabsorption, facilitated by decreases in RIHP, and the seemingly discordant decreases in abundance of renal tubular transporters during normal pregnancy in rats. METHODS: Western blots and immunohistochemistry were used to evaluate abundance and localization of renal tubular transporters. RIHP was measured directly and continuously via a polyethylene (PE) matrix that was implanted in the left kidney of rats at the age of 11 to 16 weeks. RESULTS: Average basal RIHP and fractional excretion of sodium (FENa) were found to be significantly lower (P < .05) in midterm pregnant (MP; n = 18) and late-term pregnant (LP; n = 20) rats compared with nonpregnant (NP; n = 16) rats (3.5 +/- 0.3 mm Hg and 1.46 +/- 0.24% for MP; 3.3 +/- 0.1 mm Hg and 1.41 +/- 0.21% for LP; and 7.6 +/- 0.6 mm Hg and 3.67 +/- 0.24% for NP). Cortical Na+-K+-ATPase and Na-Pi2a cotransporter (Na-Pi) protein expression tend to decline with pregnancy. Also cortical Na+-H+ exchanger-1 (NHE-1) protein expression declines steadily during the course of pregnancy from MP to LP compared with that in NP rats, and cortical Na+-H+ exchanger-3 (NHE-3) protein expression is significantly lower in MP and LP compared with NP rats. CONCLUSIONS: We propose that during normal uncomplicated pregnancy, simultaneous decreases in RIHP and in net abundance of renal tubular sodium transporters occur. The effects of decreased RIHP exceed those of the reduction in net abundance, and presumably activity, of renal tubular transporters resulting in an enhanced net sodium and water retention during pregnancy.
Ali A Khraibi; Anca D Dobrian; Tianzheng Yu; Michael J Solhaug; Reinhart B Billiar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of hypertension     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0895-7061     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-05     Completed Date:  2006-02-28     Revised Date:  2009-02-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803676     Medline TA:  Am J Hypertens     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1375-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physiological Sciences, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia 23507-1696, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cation Transport Proteins / biosynthesis
Hydrostatic Pressure
Kidney / blood supply*,  metabolism
Kidney Tubules / blood supply,  metabolism
Membrane Proteins / biosynthesis
Natriuresis / physiology
Plasma Volume / physiology*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Renal Circulation / physiology
Sodium-Hydrogen Antiporter / biosynthesis
Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins / biosynthesis,  metabolism*
Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase / biosynthesis
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cation Transport Proteins; 0/Membrane Proteins; 0/Slc9a1 protein, mouse; 0/Sodium-Hydrogen Antiporter; 0/Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins; 0/sodium-hydrogen exchanger 3; EC ATPase

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