Document Detail


Role of Light and Malate in the Decreased Sensitivity of cms-T Cytoplasm Maize Leaves to Bipolaris maydis Race T Toxin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18944909     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ABSTRACT Leaf segments from Texas male sterile (cms-T) cytoplasm maize isolines exposed to light (50 muM s(-1) m(-2)) for 8 h or more before or after being infiltrated with the Bipolaris maydis race T toxin (T-toxin) leaked significantly less electrolytes when immersed in distilled water (DW) for 24 to 48 h than did dark-treated leaf segments. No comparable effect of light on toxin-induced electrolyte leakage was observed with normal (N) cytoplasm isolines. Toxin-treated cms-T leaf segments incubated in DW for three consecutive 12-h periods of alternating light and dark showed significantly greater electrolyte leakage than leaf segments incubated in continuous light for 36 h and significantly less leakage than segments incubated in continuous dark for 36 h.Exposure of cms-T, but not N, cytoplasm leaves to 25 or 50 muM malic acid decreased their sensitivity to T-toxin in the dark to a level similar to that observed when leaves were incubated in the light without malic acid. The potency of T-toxin appeared to be unaffected by its exposure to light. The loss of electrolytes from T-toxin-treated cms-T cytoplasm leaf segments was at approximately the level seen with light or malate when 25 muM H(2)O(2) was added to the DW bathing solution. Evaluation of the data points to the possibility that H(2)O(2) might be involved with the altered sensitivity of cms-T cytoplasm leaves to T-toxin caused by either light or malate.
Authors:
M O Garraway; D S Park; J D Beltran
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Phytopathology     Volume:  88     ISSN:  0031-949X     ISO Abbreviation:  Phytopathology     Publication Date:  1998 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9427222     Medline TA:  Phytopathology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  556-62     Citation Subset:  -    
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