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Role of H4 receptor in histamine-mediated responses in human melanoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21691231     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
We have previously reported that histamine at micromolar concentrations reduces the proliferation of melanoma cell lines. It is also known that melanoma cells express histamine H1, H2, and H3 receptors. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of histamine H4 receptor (H4R) in human melanoma cells and its associated biological processes. To better understand the importance of histamine in tumor development, we explored the expression of H4R in human melanoma tissue biopsies. The expression of H4R in WM35 and M1/15 cells was analyzed by reverse-transcription-PCR, western blot, and immunocytochemistry. To characterize the biological responses we evaluated cell proliferation by clonogenic assay and 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation. In addition, cell senescence and differentiation were determined by β-galactosidase enzyme assay and dopa oxidase activity, respectively. The expression levels of H4R were determined by immunohistochemistry in 19 samples of human malignant lesions. Results indicate that melanoma cells express H4R at the messenger RNA and protein levels. By using histamine agonists, antagonists, and H4R small-interfering RNA we showed that the inhibitory effect of histamine on proliferation was in part mediated through the stimulation of the H4R. The decrease in proliferation was associated with an induction of cell senescence and an increase in melanogenesis, which is a differentiation marker of these cells. Furthermore, H4R was expressed in 42% of human melanoma biopsies. To our knowledge, this is the first report that describes the presence of the H4R in melanoma cells and tissue, suggesting a potential therapeutic application of H4R ligands.
Noelia A Massari; Vanina A Medina; Diego J Martinel Lamas; Graciela P Cricco; Máximo Croci; Lorena Sambuco; Rosa M Bergoc; Elena S Rivera
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Melanoma research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-5636     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109623     Medline TA:  Melanoma Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
aLaboratorio de Radioisótopos, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de Buenos Aires bConsejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas cInstituto de Inmunooncología, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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