Document Detail

The role of exercise in the treatment of osteoporosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20574788     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective of exercise in the treatment of osteoporosis is to improve axial stability through improvement of muscle strength. Therefore, a back extension exercise program specific to one's musculoskeletal competence and pain can be performed in a sitting position and later advanced to the prone position. When fragility is resolved, back extension is performed against resistance applied to the upper back. To decrease pain and immobility in acute vertebral fracture, use of spinal orthoses become inevitable. Therapeutic exercise should address osteoporosis-related deformities of axial posture, which can increase risk of fall and fracture. Strengthening of the major appendicular muscles decreases fragility. The effect of strengthening exercise is augmented by proper intake of cholecalciferol and calcium. Thus, the role of a therapeutic exercise program is to increase muscle strength safely, decrease immobility-related complications, and prevent fall and fracture. As with pharmacotherapy, therapeutic exercises are individualized.
Mehrsheed Sinaki; Michael Pfeifer; Elisabeth Preisinger; Eiji Itoi; René Rizzoli; Steven Boonen; Piet Geusens; Helmut W Minne
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current osteoporosis reports     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1544-2241     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Osteoporos Rep     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-13     Completed Date:  2010-10-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101176492     Medline TA:  Curr Osteoporos Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  138-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Accidental Falls / prevention & control
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Therapy*
Muscle Strength / physiology
Osteogenesis / physiology
Osteoporosis / physiopathology,  therapy*
Weight-Bearing / physiology

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