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Role of Epigenetic Mechanisms in the Vascular Complications of Diabetes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23150262     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Diabetes and metabolic disorders are leading causes of micro- and macrovascular complications. Furthermore, efforts to treat these complications are hampered by metabolic memory, a phenomenon in which prior exposure to hyperglycemia predisposes diabetic patients to the continued development of vascular diseases despite subsequent glycemic control. Persistently increased levels of oxidant stress and inflammatory genes are key features of these pathologies. Biochemical and molecular studies showed that hyperglycemia induced activation of NF-κB, signaling and actions of advanced glycation end products and other inflammatory mediators play key roles in the expression of pathological genes. In addition, epigenetic mechanisms such as posttranslational modification of histones and DNA methylation also play central roles in gene regulation by affecting chromatin structure and function. Recent studies have suggested that dysregulation of such epigenetic mechanisms may be involved in metabolic memory leading to persistent changes in the expression of genes associated with diabetic vascular complications. Further exploration of these mechanisms by also taking advantages of recent advances in high throughput epigenomics technologies will greatly increase our understanding of epigenetic variations in diabetes and its complications. This in turn can lead to the development of novel new therapies.
Authors:
Marpadga A Reddy; Rama Natarajan
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sub-cellular biochemistry     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0306-0225     ISO Abbreviation:  Subcell. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0316571     Medline TA:  Subcell Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  435-454     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Diabetes, Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope, 1500 East Duarte Road, Duarte, CA, 91010, USA.
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