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Role of Endothelin and Inflammatory Cytokines in Pre-eclampsia - A Pilot North Indian Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20678167     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Citation Sharma D, Singh A, Trivedi SS, Bhattacharjee J. Role of endothelin and inflammatory cytokines in pre-eclampsia - a pilot north Indian study. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011; 65: 428-432 Problem  Pre-eclampsia is new onset hypertension during pregnancy with proteinuria. The initiating event in pre-eclampsia is postulated to involve reduced placental perfusion, which leads to widespread dysfunction of the maternal vascular endothelium. Cytokines also appear to contribute to the development of the pathological condition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of cytokines in pre-eclampsia and to study the relationship between endothelin-1 and cytokines with the severity of the disease. Method of study  This cross-sectional study included 300 women with pre-eclampsia and 200 healthy pregnant women. Their blood samples were analyzed for endothelin-1 and inflammatory cytokines. Results  Increased endothelin-1 and cytokines [tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-2 (IL-2) and γ-interferon (IFN-γ)] levels were found in pre-eclampsia (P < 0.001). Significant positive correlation was seen between endothelin-1 and cytokine level (IL-2 and IFNγ) in the pre-eclamptic group (P = 0.001). Conclusion  We conclude that pre-eclampsia is associated with increased levels of both endothelin-1 and circulating inflammatory cytokines, which points toward the role of endothelial and inflammatory components.
Authors:
Deepika Sharma; Archana Singh; Shubha S Trivedi; Jayashree Bhattacharjee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of reproductive immunology (New York, N.Y. : 1989)     Volume:  65     ISSN:  1600-0897     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Reprod. Immunol.     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8912860     Medline TA:  Am J Reprod Immunol     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  428-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Department of Biochemistry, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India Department of Biochemistry, Lady Hardinge Medical College and University College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India.
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