Document Detail

Role of Calcifying Nanoparticle in the Development of Hyperplasia and Vascular Calcification in an Animal Model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24725966     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: Calcifying nanoparticles (NPs) have been detected recently in calcified human arterial specimens and are involved in the process of calcification. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that human-derived NPs could worsen the response to arterial endothelial injury and induce vascular calcification.
METHODS: The right carotid artery of 24 New Zealand rabbits was injured with an angioplasty balloon. Animals were perfused intravenously with saline (100 mL) during the experiment and divided into three groups: group-A, control; group-B, exposed to NPs (2 mL) obtained from calcified aortic valves; and group-C, exposed to NPs (2 mL) and treated postoperatively with atorvastatin (2.5 mg/kg/24 h). At 30 days, both carotid arteries were removed and examined histologically. Blood measurements were monitored during the study.
RESULTS: The intimal hyperplasia area was significantly larger in the injured right carotid artery compared with the left unoperated carotid artery in all groups. There was no significant variation in medial area between groups. Morphometrically, the intima/media ratio (IMR) was significantly higher in damaged carotids compared with controls. A significant increase of IMR was found in group-B (1.81 ± 0.41) compared with group-A (0.38 ± 0.59; p = .004) or group-C (0.89 ± 0.79; p = .035). Differences between groups C and A were not significant (p = .064). Calcifications were observed in six animals, all of which had been exposed to NPs (4 in group-B, 2 in group-C, p = .027). Plasma levels of cholesterol and triglycerides remained stable.
CONCLUSIONS: This research confirms the ability of systemic inoculation of human-derived NPs to accelerate hyperplasia and stimulate calcification in localized areas of arteries previously submitted to endothelial damage, while it was harmless in healthy arteries. Atorvastatin was demonstrated to slow down this process.
N Cenizo Revuelta; J A Gonzalez-Fajardo; M A Bratos; T Alvarez-Gago; B Aguirre; C Vaquero
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2165     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9512728     Medline TA:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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