Document Detail


Role of body composition in the glycaemic response to foods fed to three different ethnic groups: a pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20299784     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To examine the role of overweight and obesity on the glycaemic response to foods across the whole population. DESIGN: Randomised, repeated measures design. SETTING: Oxford, UK. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven healthy volunteers, 9 Caucasian, 9 Asian, and 9 African, voluntarily participated in the study. The glycaemic response to two breakfast cereals and two bread types was determined in obese and overweight subjects. RESULTS: The current study shows that a very strong correlation exists between fasting blood glucose, peak change in glucose and the IAUC for glucose with each of BMI and WC (r = 0.88, 0.92; 0.82, 0.82; 0.91, 0.81; p = 0.01, respectively) for the Caucasian group. In addition, there was a strong significant negative association between the mean GI values of the four foods and the BMI for the Caucasian subjects (r = 0.61, p < 0.05). Furthermore, there was a strong positive significant association between the mean GI values of the four foods and the percentage body fat mass for the Asian subjects (r = 0.67, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study has shown that the GI values of foods are affected by body composition in Asian and Caucasian subjects.
Authors:
Ayesha S Al Dhaheri; C Jeya K Henry; Helen J Lightowler; Leila I Cheikh Ismail; Elizabeth Tydeman; Huda M Al Hourani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-03-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of nutrition & metabolism     Volume:  56     ISSN:  1421-9697     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Nutr. Metab.     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-16     Completed Date:  2010-07-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8105511     Medline TA:  Ann Nutr Metab     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  217-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Department of Nutrition and Health, College of Food and Agriculture, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, UAE. ayesha_aldhaheri @ uaeu.ac.ae
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
African Continental Ancestry Group
Anthropometry
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Blood Glucose / metabolism*
Body Composition / physiology*
Body Mass Index
Dietary Carbohydrates / metabolism
Ethnic Groups*
European Continental Ancestry Group
Female
Food*
Glycemic Index
Humans
Male
Nutritive Value
Obesity / metabolism
Overweight / metabolism
Pilot Projects
Waist Circumference
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Dietary Carbohydrates

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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