Document Detail


Robustness of individual identity in the cries of human infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8112484     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study investigated the possibility that one function of the human infant's cry is to convey individual identity across distance. Six-hundred adults, having been exposed to 30 s of an infant's crying, were asked to identify this infant on the basis of other, experimentally altered, cries. The cries were altered naturally by rerecording across distance in the out-of-doors, and artificially by bandpass filtering and temporal reorganization. The individuality of cries proved remarkably robust to degradation: Only when frequencies were limited to the range of 8 to 10 kHz was recognition performance significantly impaired. It is argued that the human infant's cry, a complex signal with multiple markers of individuality, may have among its functions the communication of infants' identities across distance.
Authors:
G E Gustafson; J A Green; J W Cleland
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental psychobiology     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0012-1630     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Psychobiol     Publication Date:  1994 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-03-30     Completed Date:  1994-03-30     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0164074     Medline TA:  Dev Psychobiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269-1020.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Attention*
Auditory Perception*
Crying / psychology*
Discrimination Learning
Female
Humans
Individuality*
Infant
Male
Pitch Discrimination
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD22871/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; RR07176/RR/NCRR NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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