Document Detail


Robotics in the rehabilitation treatment of patients with stroke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12052277     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Stroke is the leading cause of permanent disability despite continued advances in prevention and novel interventional treatments. Post-stroke neuro-rehabilitation programs teach compensatory strategies that alter the degree of permanent disability. Robotic devices are new tools for therapists to deliver enhanced sensorimotor training and concentrate on impairment reduction. Results from several groups have registered success in reducing impairment and increasing motor power with task-specific exercise delivered by the robotic devices. Enhancing the rehabilitation experience with task-specific repetitive exercise marks a different approach to the patient with stroke. The clinical challenge will be to streamline, adapt, and expand the robot protocols to accommodate healthcare economies, to determine which patients sustain the greatest benefit, and to explore the relationship between impairment reduction and disability level. With these new tools, therapists will measure aspects of outcome objectively and contribute to the emerging scientific basis of neuro-rehabilitation.
Authors:
Bruce T Volpe; Mark Ferraro; Hermano I Krebs; Neville Hogan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current atherosclerosis reports     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1523-3804     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Atheroscler Rep     Publication Date:  2002 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-07     Completed Date:  2003-04-28     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100897685     Medline TA:  Curr Atheroscler Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  270-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Burke Medical Research Institute, 785 Mamaroneck Avenue, White Plains, NY 10605, USA. bvolpe@burke.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bionics / methods*
Disability Evaluation
Humans
Physical Therapy Modalities / instrumentation*,  methods
Recovery of Function
Robotics*
Stroke / rehabilitation*
Therapy, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation,  methods*
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD 36827/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; HD 37397/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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