Document Detail

Robotic-assisted extralevator abdominoperineal resection in the lithotomy position: technique and early outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23025934     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Extralevator abdominoperineal resection (E-APR) has been advocated as a superior procedure to achieve negative circumferential resection margins (CRMs) for sphincter-invading rectal cancers. An open total mesorectal excision is performed followed by perineal dissection with resection of the levators in the prone position. We describe a novel minimally invasive robotic approach carried out in the lithotomy position. Using the robotic arms to dissect the rectum and divide the levator fibers at their origin, the dissection is carried out in the ischiorectal space as distally as possible. From May to July 2011, six cases of robotic E-APR for rectal cancer were performed. The mean age was 54.5 years old. Mean operating time was 335 minutes. Mean estimated blood loss was 250 mL. There were no conversions to the open approach. A cylindrical specimen was obtained in all patients without perforation. All CRMs were negative. Mean hospital stay was 5 days. Two patients developed perineal wound infections and one developed a small bowel obstruction postoperatively. Robotic-assisted E-APR performed in the lithotomy position is safe and feasible. Future studies are needed to define the benefits of this technique.
Celeste Y Kang; Joseph C Carmichael; Jeffrey Friesen; Michael J Stamos; Steven Mills; Alessio Pigazzi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American surgeon     Volume:  78     ISSN:  1555-9823     ISO Abbreviation:  Am Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370522     Medline TA:  Am Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1033-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Surgery, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California, USA.
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