Document Detail


Roasted full-fat kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and soyabeans (Glycine max) meals in broiler chicken diet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15449840     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An 8-week experiment was carried out to evaluate the performance of broiler chickens fed on diets containing either roasted full-fat soyabean meal (RSBM), roasted full-fat kidney bean meal (RKBM), cottonseed cake meal (CSM) or soyabean meal (SBM). A total of 240 unsexed, day-old-chicks were randomly assigned to four treatments so that there were 10 chicks per experimental unit in a randomized complete block design with three blocks and two replicates per block. Cumulative feed intake was depressed (p < 0.01) with the RSBM-based diet (71 g/bird per day) and was lowest with the RKBM-based diet (64 g/bird per day). Growth was closely related to feed intake, averaging 2122 g, 2094 g, 1960 g and 1601 g for CSM-, SBM-, RSBM- and RKBM-based diets, respectively. However, feed conversion ratio (g food intake/g body weight gain) was similar at 8 weeks of birds' age, although the values were highest (p<0.01) at the first 2 weeks of age for birds fed on RKBM-based diets. Mortality was not affected (p >0.05) by treatment effects. Feed cost efficiency (CFA Franc (Fcfa) per kilogram live chicken) showed that the SBM-based diet (494 Fcfa) and RKBM-based diet (493 Fcfa) were more expensive (p<0.01) than the RSBM-based diet (400 Fcfa). The CSM-based diet was the most economical (358 Fcfa) as a result of the lower market price of cottonseed cake. Despite suboptimal production performance and given current market prices, replacing imported SBM with locally produced RKBM, RSBM or CSM would allow farmers to save 1%, 19% and 28%, respectively, on feed cost efficiency. Roasting soyabeans in place of imported SBM allowed farmers to save about 19% for each CFA franc spent on a kilogram of live bird at 8 weeks of age.
Authors:
D K Poné; R T Fomunyam
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical animal health and production     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0049-4747     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop Anim Health Prod     Publication Date:  2004 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-28     Completed Date:  2004-11-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1277355     Medline TA:  Trop Anim Health Prod     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  513-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), Mankon Station, PMB 411 Bamenda, NWP. ponekd@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Animal Feed / analysis,  economics*
Animals
Body Weight
Chickens / growth & development*
Eating / physiology
Energy Metabolism / physiology
Phaseolus*
Soybeans*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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