Document Detail


Risks for hypertension among undiagnosed African American mothers and daughters.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19875025     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: This study examines risks for high blood pressure (BP) among undiagnosed African American mothers and daughters, because African American children are at risk for hypertension due to familial influences.
METHOD: This study was cross-sectional in design and included 70 African American mother and daughter participants from the Detroit metropolitan area.
RESULTS: BP readings clinically diagnostic of hypertension were found for mothers (25.7%) and daughters (54.3%), although they were undiagnosed. Many participants with BP readings in pre-hypertension or hypertension categories were overweight or obese (mothers, 90.9%; daughters, 50.2%). Fewer underweight or normal-weight mothers (25.0%) and daughters (64.3%) had BP readings indicative of hypertension. Lower diastolic BP was associated with higher body mass index (BMI) among mothers (r = -.34, P = .045). Higher systolic BP was positively related to potassium consumption among daughters and total African Americans (r = .55, P = .005 and r = .41, P = .003, respectively).
DISCUSSION: Early screening for hypertension is needed to improve health among African Americans. Health providers should use American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for determining hypertension in children. Research on familial and environment influences on BP among children is recommended to determine early risk for the development of hypertension.
Authors:
Jacquelyn Y Taylor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2008-10-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric health care : official publication of National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates & Practitioners     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1532-656X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pediatr Health Care     Publication Date:    2009 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-30     Completed Date:  2010-01-11     Revised Date:  2013-07-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709735     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Health Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  378-87     Citation Subset:  N    
Affiliation:
School of Nursing, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06536-0740, USA. Jacquelyn.taylor@yale.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
African Continental Ancestry Group*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Disease Susceptibility*
Female
Humans
Hypertension / epidemiology*,  ethnology,  physiopathology
Michigan / epidemiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1 KL2 RR024987-01/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; 5-P30-AG015281-07/AG/NIA NIH HHS; KL2 RR024987/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; KL2 RR024987-01/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; P30 AG015281/AG/NIA NIH HHS; P30 AG015281-07/AG/NIA NIH HHS
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