Document Detail

Risk and protective factors for nicotine dependence in adolescence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21250992     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: We investigated the role of psychosocial and proximal contextual factors on nicotine dependence in adolescence.
METHODS: Data on a multiethnic cohort of 6th to 10th graders from the Chicago public schools were obtained from four household interviews conducted with adolescents over two years and one interview with mothers. Structural equation models were estimated on 660 youths who had smoked cigarettes by the first interview.
RESULTS: Pleasant initial sensitivity to tobacco use, parental nicotine dependence (ND), adolescent ND and extensiveness of smoking at the initial interview had the strongest total effects on adolescent ND two years later. Perceived peer smoking and adolescent conduct problems were of lesser importance. Parental ND directly impacted adolescent ND two years later and had indirect effects through pleasant initial sensitivity and initial extensiveness of smoking. Parental depression affected initial adolescent dependence and depression but adolescent depression had no effect on ND. The model had greater explanatory power for males than females due partly to the stronger effect of conduct problems on dependence for males than females.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings underscore the importance of the initial drug experience and familial factors on adolescent nicotine dependence and highlight the factors to be the focus of efforts targeted toward preventing ND among adolescents.
Mei-Chen Hu; Pamela Griesler; Christine Schaffran; Denise Kandel
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-01-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1469-7610     ISO Abbreviation:  J Child Psychol Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-08     Completed Date:  2012-01-30     Revised Date:  2014-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375361     Medline TA:  J Child Psychol Psychiatry     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1063-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry © 2011 Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Conduct Disorder / psychology
Depression / psychology
Follow-Up Studies
Interview, Psychological
Models, Psychological
Peer Group
Risk Factors*
Tobacco Use Disorder / psychology*
Grant Support
DA026305/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; DA12697/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K-5 DA0081/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K05 DA000081/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K05 DA000081-27/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K05 DA000081-28/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K05 DA000081-29/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA012697/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA012697-01A1/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA012697-01A1S1/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA012697-02/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA012697-03/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA012697-04/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA012697-05/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA026305/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA026305-01A1/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA026305-02/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Are numbers enough? Colonizer phenotype and abundance interact to affect population dynamics.
Next Document:  Training anxious children to disengage attention from threat: a randomized controlled trial.