Document Detail


Risk factors for severe perineal tear: can we do better?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12152139     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Our aim was to investigate the risk factors associated with severe perineal tears defined as either third- or forth-degree tears and, ultimately, find strategies for prevention. We carried a retrospective analysis of a computerized perinatal database, collected prospectively, from a single county hospital between January 1, 1993 and June 30, 1998. Singleton vaginal vertex deliveries were analyzed for potential risk factors using univariate and multiple logistic regression analysis including all two-way interactions. Severe perineal tear occurred in 1905 (8.2%) of 23,244 vaginal deliveries. In the multiple logistic regression analysis, the following factors carried a significantly higher risk for severe laceration: midline episiotomy, primary vaginal delivery, use of pudendal block, forceps deliveries, and birth weight more than 4000 g. The study of interactions demonstrated that mediolateral episiotomy was associated with an increased risk for severe tear only during the first vaginal delivery, but not during a repeat vaginal delivery. Our data suggest that primary vaginal delivery, fetal weight above 4000 g, and the use of pudendal analgesia can help identify in advance patients at highest risk for severe perineal tear. During the delivery of these patients usage of vacuum (instead of forceps) and restricting the use of midline episiotomy might reduce the incidence of severe perineal tear. In cases where episiotomy seems crucial, the use of a mediolateral episiotomy may reduce the likelihood of severe perineal tear.
Authors:
Shlomit Riskin-Mashiah; E O'Brian Smith; Isabelle A Wilkins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of perinatology     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0735-1631     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Perinatol     Publication Date:  2002 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-01     Completed Date:  2002-09-26     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405212     Medline TA:  Am J Perinatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  225-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Age Factors
Birth Weight
Episiotomy / adverse effects*,  methods
Female
Humans
Incidence
Injury Severity Score
Obstetric Labor Complications / epidemiology*,  etiology*,  prevention & control
Parity
Perineum / injuries*,  surgery
Pregnancy
Prospective Studies
Regression Analysis
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Texas / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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