Document Detail

Risk factors for recurrence of acute gastrointestinal bleeding from angiodysplasia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19512936     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recurrent bleeding from gastrointestinal (GI) angiodysplasia remains a therapeutic challenge. Identification of factors predicting poor outcome of haemorrhage from angiodysplasia would help us to select the patients who may likely benefit from further therapy. Thus, we analysed risk factors for recurrence of acute GI haemorrhage from angiodysplasia.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: 62 patients admitted consecutively with acute GI bleeding from angiodysplasia, between June 2002 and June 2006, were included. Bivariate, multivariate and survival analysis were performed to identify risk factors for recurrence of bleeding after hospital discharge.
RESULTS: Recurrence of acute haemorrhage after hospital discharge occurred in 17 of 57 (30%) patients (38 men; mean age: 74+/-6 years), after a mean follow-up (33+/-40 months). On Cox analysis, earlier history of bleeding with a high bleeding rate, over anticoagulation and the presence of multiple lesions were predictive factors of recurrence in a multivariate analysis. In contrast, endoscopic argon plasma coagulation (APC) therapy was not associated with lower rates of recurrent bleeding.
CONCLUSION: In patients with acute GI haemorrhage from angiodysplasia, earlier bleeding with a high bleeding rate, over anticoagulation and multiple angiodisplasic lesions predict an increased risk of recurrent bleeding. Although there is a trend towards better management with endoscopic APC therapy for the prevention of recurrence of bleeding, endoscopic APC therapy is not predictive of a lower rate of recurrence.
Esteve Saperas; Sebastián Videla; Joan Dot; Carolina Bayarri; Beatriz Lobo; Monder Abu-Suboh; Jose Ramón Armengol; Juan R Malagelada
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1473-5687     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-12     Completed Date:  2010-12-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9000874     Medline TA:  Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1333-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Gastroenterology Department, University Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Acute Disease
Angiodysplasia / complications*,  surgery
Argon Plasma Coagulation / methods
Epidemiologic Methods
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology*,  surgery
Middle Aged
Treatment Outcome

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