Document Detail

Risk factors for the occurrence of sporadic Salmonella enterica serotype enteritidis infections in children in France: a national case-control study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10030705     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To determine risk factors associated with the occurrence of sporadic cases of Salmonella enteritidis infections among children in France, we conducted a matched case-control study. Cases were identified between 1 March and 30 September 1995. One hundred and five pairs of cases and controls matched for age and place of residence were interviewed. In the 1-5 years age group, illness was associated with the consumption of raw eggs or undercooked egg-containing foods (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.2-4.8). Storing eggs more than 2 weeks after purchase was associated with Salmonella enteritidis infection (OR 3.8, 95% CI 1.4-10.2), particularly during the summer period (OR 6.0, 95% CI 1.3-26.8). Cases were more likely to report a case of diarrhoea in the household 10-3 days before the onset of symptoms, particularly in the age group < or = 1 year (P = 0.01). This study confirms the link between eggs and the occurrence of sporadic cases of Salmonella enteritidis among children, highlights the potential role of prolonged egg storage and underlines the role of person-to-person transmission in infants.
E Delarocque-Astagneau; J C Desenclos; P Bouvet; P A Grimont
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology and infection     Volume:  121     ISSN:  0950-2688     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemiol. Infect.     Publication Date:  1998 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-03-04     Completed Date:  1999-03-04     Revised Date:  2010-03-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703737     Medline TA:  Epidemiol Infect     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  561-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
R?seau National de Sant? Publique, Saint-Maurice, France.
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MeSH Terms
Case-Control Studies
Chickens / microbiology
Child, Preschool
Eggs / microbiology
Infant, Newborn
Multivariate Analysis
Risk Factors
Salmonella Infections / etiology*,  transmission
Salmonella enteritidis*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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