Document Detail

Risk factors for low birth weight infants of Hispanic, African American, and White women in Bexar County, Texas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18816356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the risk factors in women who delivered an infant of low birth weight (LBW, <2,500 g) versus women who delivered an infant weighing >2,500 g in a large metropolitan county (Bexar) in South Texas. DESIGN: An exploratory case comparison design was used to identify factors related to LBW outcomes in women receiving prenatal care. SAMPLE: The cases were obtained from community hospitals. A stratified random sample was selected from a population of 38,064 infant births, of which 2,910 were identified as LBW. The final sample size was N=321 (<2,500 g, n=151; >or=2,500 g, n=170). MEASUREMENTS: Dependent variable of infant birth weight; independent variables of maternal age, maternal race/ethnicity, education, smoking, prior pregnancy history, timing of and number of prenatal visits, prepregnancy body mass index and weight gain during pregnancy, and past medical history and medical problems during pregnancy. RESULTS: Independent variables found to be predictive of LBW in this study included maternal race/ethnicity, timing of first prenatal visit, number of prenatal visits, prior pregnancy history, and maternal weight gain. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed previous findings that African American women are at a higher risk for LBW deliveries and demonstrated that Anglo and Hispanic women have similar rates of LBW deliveries.
Rosalie Tierney-Gumaer; Elizabeth Reifsnider
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nursing (Boston, Mass.)     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1525-1446     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nurs     Publication Date:    2008 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-25     Completed Date:  2008-12-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501498     Medline TA:  Public Health Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  390-400     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data*
Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
Hospitals, Community
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Age
Pregnancy Complications / epidemiology,  ethnology*
Pregnant Women / ethnology*
Prenatal Care / utilization*
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Texas / epidemiology
Urban Health
Weight Gain / ethnology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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