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Risk factors for long-term mental and psychosomatic distress in Latvian Chernobyl liquidators.
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MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9467079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Epidemiologic studies on the health effects of the Chernobyl disaster have focused largely on physical health, whereas the psychological consequences have received little attention. The authors have assessed the associations of various exposure variables with mental and psychosomatic distress in a sample of 1412 Latvian liquidators drawn from the State Latvian Chernobyl Clean-up Workers Registry. The outcome was a mixed mental-psychosomatic disorder occurring during 1986 to 1995. Comparisons among subgroups of the cohort classified according to exposure type or level were based on the proportional hazards model. Length of work (> or = 28 days) in a 10-km radius from the reactor (relative risk [RR] = 1.39, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.14-1.70), work (> 1 time) on the damaged reactor roof (RR = 1.46, 95% CI 1.02-2.09), forest work (RR = 1.41, 95% CI 1.19-1.68), fresh fruit consumption (> or = 1 time/day) (RR = 1.72, 95% CI 1.12-2.65) are risk factors for mixed mental-psychosomatic disorder. Construction of the sarcophagus (RR = 1.82, 95% CI 0.89-3.72) is also associated with this outcome, although nonsignificantly. Distinguishing stress-related from radiation-induced effects in this data set was difficult and these findings should provide a basis for later hypothesis testing in other cohorts.
Authors:
J F Viel; E Curbakova; B Dzerve; M Eglite; T Zvagule; C Vincent
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental health perspectives     Volume:  105 Suppl 6     ISSN:  0091-6765     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Health Perspect.     Publication Date:  1997 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-04-09     Completed Date:  1998-04-09     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330411     Medline TA:  Environ Health Perspect     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1539-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Besançon, France. jean-francois.viel@ufc-chu.univ-fcompte.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Humans
Latvia / epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*
Power Plants*
Psychophysiologic Disorders / epidemiology*
Radioactive Hazard Release / psychology*
Risk Factors
Ukraine
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Full Text
Journal Information
Journal ID (nlm-ta): Environ Health Perspect
ISSN: 0091-6765
Article Information
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Print publication date: Month: 12 Year: 1997
Volume: 105 Issue: Suppl 6
First Page: 1539 Last Page: 1544
ID: 1469928
PubMed Id: 9467079

Risk factors for long-term mental and psychosomatic distress in Latvian Chernobyl liquidators.
J F Viel
E Curbakova
B Dzerve
M Eglite
T Zvagule
C Vincent
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Besan?on, France. jean-francois.viel@ufc-chu.univ-fcompte.fr



Article Categories:
  • Research Article


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