Document Detail


Risk factors for hospitalization and infection in Canadian Inuit infants over the first year of life--a pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15139241     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Inuit infants experience higher mortality and poorer health than other Canadian infants, and suffer disproportionately from bacterial and viral infections. A wide range of inter-related factors affect their health and susceptibility to infection. The objective of the study was to describe hospitalization and morbidity patterns in a cohort of 46 healthy Inuit infants from Iqaluit, Nunavut, over their first year of life. STUDY DESIGN: Risk factors for hospitalization and infections were assessed using multiple linear regression. RESULTS: Infants experienced an average of four respiratory tract infections (RTIs) annually, which accounted for half of the hospitalizations in the cohort. Some interesting trends were evident from the assessment of risk factors using multiple linear regression. Adoption was associated with adverse health effects in addition to those that would be expected due to lack of breast-freeding alone; among infants who were not breast-fed, adopted infants had three more RTIs per year than non-adopted infants. CONCLUSION: The results of this pilot study provide support for undertaking larger epidemiological studies in order to clarify the role of these risk factors, so that future preventive efforts can be informed and effective.
Authors:
Alison L Jenkins; Theresa W Gyorkos; Lawrence Joseph; Kate N Culman; Brian J Ward; Gary S Pekeles; Elaine L Mills
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of circumpolar health     Volume:  63     ISSN:  1239-9736     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Circumpolar Health     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-05-13     Completed Date:  2004-06-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9713056     Medline TA:  Int J Circumpolar Health     Country:  Finland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  61-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adoption
Breast Feeding / statistics & numerical data
Canada / epidemiology
Child, Hospitalized / statistics & numerical data*
Disease Susceptibility
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant Mortality
Infant, Newborn
Inuits
Male
Prospective Studies
Respiratory Tract Infections / epidemiology*,  mortality
Risk Factors

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