Document Detail

Risk factors of fetal macrosomia: role of maternal nutrition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20180374     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To assess the effect of maternal diet during pregnancy on the risk of delivering a large for gestational baby (macrosome). METHODS: A food intake survey of 350 healthy pregnant Tunisian women, 52 in group macrosomia and 298 in group control. Only term (> or =37 completed Weeks of gestation) infants were included. All women in the study group completed food frequency questionnaires on their diet in the last 24 hours before delivery. RESULTS: Frequency of foetal macrosomia was 15.8% (n=52). Pregravid maternal BMI >30 (OR = 3.06 [1.51-6.17]), prolonged term of pregnancy (> 41 weeks of gestation) (OR = 249 [1.04-5.88]) and the antecedent of a macrosomic delivery (OR = 6.53 [2.89-14.74]) were significantly associated with the risk of fetal macrosomia. The mean daily total energetic intakes, protein intakes and carbohydrate intakes were significantly higher in the macrosomia group than in the control group. However, with multivariate analysis after adjustment for term and Pregravid BMI, no significant correlation was found between nutrient intakes and risk of fetal macrosomia. CONCLUSION: Maternal food intakes in the end of pregnancy are not a significant determinant of fetal macrosomia compared to maternal BMI, and term of pregnancy.
Walid Denguezli; Raja Faleh; Anissa Fessi; Alaeddine Yassine; Awatef Hajjaji; Hayett Laajili; Mohamed Sakouhi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  La Tunisie m?dicale     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0041-4131     ISO Abbreviation:  Tunis Med     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-25     Completed Date:  2010-04-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0413766     Medline TA:  Tunis Med     Country:  Tunisia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  564-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetric and Gynaecology, University Hospital Fattouma Bourguiba, Monastir, Tunisia.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
Body Mass Index
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Fetal Macrosomia / epidemiology*
Gestational Age
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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